Installing a Sump Pump Anderson SC
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Installing a Sump Pump
In most homes, the problem area is usually the basement. Built below ground level, the basement suffers from a lot of flooding problems. It’s always the first one to get hit when there’s something wrong with your home’s plumbing. When this problem recurs, some homeowners just give up on the idea of shelling out cash just to have a plumber fix the problem for them. However, you don’t have to lose half of your living space just because there’s water dripping from the pipes in your basement. You can install a sump pump and lessen the chances of flooding in your home.
What exactly is a sump pump?
A sump pump is installed to lessen the dampness of a home’s basement. This is usually needed when the home’s foundation is built below the area’s water table. The pump is connected to the drain tile, and it comes in two types: the upright or pedestal sump pump and the submersible sump pump. Either model will work well as long as you maintain it. A sump pump is usually confused with an ejector pump, but these are ultimately two very different things. Ejector pumps are usually installed in sewerage basins and other wet pits while sump pumps are installed in the basement of most homes.
Before you consider installing a sump pump, though, you need to diagnose your flooding problem. Some floods aren’t caused by problems in the basement. Sometimes they’re caused be external drainage problems, and a sump pump won’t help much is this is the case. When it’s raining, you should observe the water flow in the perimeter of your home. Unclog all of the gutters when you do this, and make sure that the downspout extensions make the roof runoff move at least four feet from the foundation of your home and the soil within three feet of the foundation is sloping away from the house. If these conditions are not met, it’s an external drainage problem, and not a problem in your home’s basement.
However, if these conditions have been met and it still floods in your basement, two things are possibly causing the water accumulation. These are 1) a utility trench that channels the water back into your home or 2) an occasionally high ground-water table. In these cases, a sump pump is your only solution.
While installing a sump pump can be done as a DIY project, you can also have a professional install the pump for you at $3000 to $5000. This is not exactly a bad deal, considering the work that goes into installing a sump pump.
When is it possible to DIY?
Sump pump installation can be done as a DIY project when the flooding in your basement is isolated. For example, if it only floods in a corner of your basement and the affected area isn’t that vast, you can spend only $400 to $600 installing it on your own. You can do it over the weekends, and while it will take a lot of time and effort, you can save a lot of money this way. However, if your entire basement is effective, and the project seems too big, it’s best to ask a professional plumber to do it for you.
Before you dig in, you should first plan the pit installation. This should be at least 8 inches from the walls so that you can avoid touching the foundation footing. Lay out the area that you need to remove and allow about 6 inches of space around the pit. Then, cut the perimeter with a jackhammer and splice through the interior of the area in bites (about 8 to 12 inches each). Once you’re done, drive the jackhammer at an angle and pry the loose pieces of the flooring up. When you’re done with the entire area, you can then collect the concrete chunks in a bucket.
Once you’re able to remove the concrete, you can start digging up the hole. With a liner, measure your progress and dig enough soil so that you can pour at least 6 inches of gravel around the liner. After doing this, you can pour the course gravel onto the void. You should add enough gravel to fill 1 inch below the underside of the basement’s floor or 3 inches below the surface of a 4-inch-thick floor.
After you’ve poured enough gravel, you can then level the gravel with wood. This will allow just enough opening for the water to seep between the footing and the wall, and simply travel down the 1-inch thick gravel path leading to the pit. You can then cap the entire are with concrete by mixing one part cement with two parts sand and three parts gravel. Sift this mixture with a screen board and pack the concrete tightly against the cut edges of the floor.
You can finish off the floor patch by smoothing out the surface with a trowel. The concrete should cure for a day or two, and you should let it dry out before installing the pump and the piping.
Submersible pumps are more common than pedestal pumps. These cost around $100 to $150 a unit. Below are the basic steps to install it:
- You should thread a 1 ½ PVC male adapter into the sump pump’s discharge port. You can tighten the fitting using a pair of pliers.
- Use high quality PVS cement to glue 1 ½ inches of rise or PVC pipe into the adaptor or pump.
- Then, use vinyl electrical tame to make sure that the pump’s wires are secure to the rise.
- Lower the pump carefully into the pit liner and position it so that the wood float is only several inches from the liner wall.
- Once you’re place the pump, you should set the lid on the liner. You may have to cut the lid so that it can accommodate the riser.
- Install a check valve on the riser. The arrow should be pointing upwards. Slide a coupling over the riser’s end and tighten the hose clamps.
- Cut the second riser so it can reach the ceiling joists. Secure this to the top of the check valve by tightening the hose clamps.
Installing the piping
Once you’ve installed the pump, you need to install a piping line to drive the water out of your plumbing system. You can have a plumber do this for you or you can do it alone. The easiest way for you to do it is to bore a hole through the rim joist of the house and to run the piping line through the joist and the outer wall. From here, install enough pipes to carry the water far enough from the house so that it won’t come back to the basement. And that’s it. You’ve just managed to solve one of the biggest problems a homeowner could encounter.